The move, which bypasses standard Vatican protocol for establishing new saints, is called an "equivalent canonization," and usually done for church figures who are already widely recognized and have partially gone through the process of becoming a saint but never completed it. Favre, or Peter Faber, was beatified by the church on September 5, 1872. (SOURCE and more info)
Naming a Jesuit Saint via "equivalent canonization" is the least controversial move the Holy Father has made this week considering the shake up in the Curia. Arch-conservatives/traditionalists Burke and Rigali are out of the VERY influential Congregation for Bishops. Of course Cardinal Ray is still head of the Apostolic Signatura (as if anyone in the real world has any freaking clue what THAT JOB entails) an ideal post for someone with their sphincter clenched as tight as His Eminence. Of note the Signatura handles "
conflicts of competence between tribunals which are not subject to the same appellate tribunal." I am certain there are MANY instances of "conflicts of competence" throughout the ENTIRE Curia, but Pope Francis seems quite focused on correcting this. BRAVO! I say. Long live Pope Francis!
Now am I happy with all of the Pope's choices? No. Not at all. I've always thought Wuerl to be a total brown nosing twit. But, that's my opinion. I'm not privy to the information the Holy Father has, so in his own words, "who am I to judge?"